“Acting as middle-men, municipalities buy electricity from Eskom in bulk and then re-sell the power to residential, business and industrial customers. The process generates a financial surplus that municipalities use to fund other activities.”
Approximately 30% of total municipal income was earned from sales of electricity during the 2012/13 financial year, according to Stats SA’s latest Financial census of municipalities report.
That is R77.2bn out of a total income of R258bn. “The financial viability of many municipalities could be tenuous if they were no longer able to trade economic services, such as electricity,” Stats SA said.
Urban provinces more dependent
Stats SA said in the report published on its website that broken down by province, it is interesting to note that municipalities in predominantly urban provinces are more dependent on this form of income, with 37.1% of income in Gauteng earned from electricity sales, followed by Western Cape at 31.1%.
The map below shows the same data, but includes all local and metropolitan municipalities.
“Notice the high percentages for municipalities in Gauteng and Western Cape.”
The report stated that some municipalities, predominantly in rural provinces, that do not sell electricity and as a consequence do not earn income from this source. Customers living within these municipalities obtain their electricity directly from Eskom.
“The map above can be refined further, highlighting those municipalities that earned more than 40% of their income from electricity sales in 2012/13. The number one spot is held by uMhlathuze (Empangeni and Richards Bay) with 53.5%. Tlokwe City Council, the Potchefstroom area, comes second (52.9%), followed by Langeberg (50.2%). One metropolitan council appears in the list: Ekurhuleni (42.1%), placed at number 10.
Note that the maps above show data for one financial year (namely 2012/13). A more detailed analysis of data spanning a number of years would provide a more comprehensive picture, Stats SA said.
An updated Financial census of municipalities report will be released on 15 June 2015, with figures for the 2013/14 financial year, revised figures for 2012/13, and detailed time series for various financial indicators, including electricity sales, according to Stats SA.
– Source: Stats SA